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An Approach To:

Vol. 20 No. 2 (2022): New Horizons: Innovation in Medicine

Approach to Shock

March 11, 2021


Shock is a life-threatening pathophysiologic state referring to inadequate organ perfusion, which can progress to end-organ dysfunction and eventually, multiple organ failure and death. The diagnosis of shock is clinical, necessitating good understanding of the underlying etiology, pathophysiology, as well as the clinical, biochemical, and hemodynamic manifestations of the various presentations of shock. This article describes an approach to shock, highlighting the important initial actions, pertinent clinical findings, and the four main types of shock, and offers an overview of the inotropes and vasopressors used in the intensive care setting. A case study and additional figures are included to supplement the presented concepts.


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