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Narrative Review

Vol. 6 No. 1 (2001)

A Historical Overview of Space Medicine

  • David R. Williams, M.Sc., M.D.C.M., F.C.F.P., F.R.C.P.
November 8, 2020




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  2. Mueller GE, ed. Gemini Summary Conference. Manned Spacecraft Center, Houston, Texas: Scientific and Technology Information Division, NASA; 1967.
  3. Johnston RS, Dietlein LF, eds. Biomedical Results from Skylab. Washington, DC: Scientific and Technical Information Office, NASA; 1977.
  4. Nicogossian AE, Huntoon CL, Pool SL, eds. Space Physiology and Medicine. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger; 1994.
  5. Sawin CF, Taylor GR, Smith WL, eds. Extended Duration Orbiter Medical Project. Washington, DC: NASA Publications; 1999.
  6. Campbell M, Billica R, Johnson S. Animal surgery in microgravity. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine 1993; 64: 58-62.
  7. Campbell M, Billica R, Jennings R, Johnson S. Laparascopic Surgery in Weightlessness. Surgical Endoscopy 1996; 10: 111-117.
  8. Kirkpatrick AW, Campbell MR, Novinkov O, et al. Blunt trauma and operative care in microgravity. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 1997; 184: 441-453.
  9. Freitas RA. Nanomedicine, Volume 1: Basic Capabilities. Austin, Texas: Landes Bioscience; 1999.


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