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Narrative Review

Vol. 7 No. 1 (2003)

Gene Therapy For Adenosine Deaminase Deficiency: Successes and Limitations

  • Michael Ga-Hong Woo, B.Sc.
November 8, 2020




  1. The Boston Women's Health Book Collective. Our Bodies, Ourselves. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998.
  2. An Article in Calgary Herald, May 19, 1998 as quoted by Gunhild Hoogensen "The Politics of Birth: Midwifery in Alberta" 2000.
  3. Buske, Lynda. " A Crisis Aborning in Newborn and Maternity Care?" Canadian Medical Association Journal, March 6, 2001; 164 (5).
  4. Chan, Benjamin TB "From Percieved Surplus to Perceived Shortage: What Happenned to Canada's Physician Workforce in the 1990's?" Canadian Institute for Health Information, June 2002.
  5. Blais, Regis "Commentary/Commentaire: Are Home Births Safe?" Canadian Medical Association Journal, February 5, 2002; 166 (3).
  6. Legislation Concerning Nursing/Midwifery Services and Education (EURO Reports and Studies, 1981) as quoted in Blais, Maheux, Lamber, Loiselle, Gauthier, Framarin "Midwifery defined by physicians, nurses and midwives: The birth of consensus?" Canadian Medical Association Journal 1994; 150 (5): 691-697.
  7. Bailey, Lehr, Nicholas, Picco "Midwifery: Promotion and integration into Canada's healthcare system" Leadership in Health Services July/August 1993: 11-13.7.
  8. Bourgeault, Ivy Lynn and Mary Fynes "Integrating Lay and Nurse Midwifery into the U.S. and Canadian Health Care Systems" Social Sciences & Medicine"1997; 44 (7): 1051-1063.
  9. McKendry, Rachael and Tom Langford "Legalized, regulated, but unfounded: midwifery's laborious professionalization in Alberta, Canada, 1975-99" Social Science & Medicine, 2001;53: 531-542.
  10. . Canadian Midwifery Regulators Consortium, Submission to the Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada "Regulated Midwifery and The Future of Health Care in Canada" 2001.
  11. Reinharz D, Blais R, Fraser W, Constandriopolous AP "Cost- effectiveness of midwifery services vs. medical services in Quebec, L'Equipe d'Evaluation des Projets-Pilotes Sages- Femmes" Canadian Journal of Public Health 2000; 91(1): 112-115.
  12. Janssen, P, Lee, SK, Ryan, E, Etches, D, Farquarson, D, Peacock,D and Klein, M. "Outcomes of planned home births versus planned hospital births after regulation of midwifery in British Columbia" Canadian Medical Association Journal 2002;166 (3):315-323.
  13. i. Low risk births can be identified at any stage of gestation, however in the Janssen et al study, 3.6% of homebirths had to call for emergency transports in spite of the application of the following exclusion criteria including multiple birth, heart disease, hypertensive chronic renal disease, pregnancy induced hypertension with protein uria, insulin dependant diabetes, antepartum hemmorhage after 20 weeks gestation, active general herpes, breech or abnormal presentation, gestational age of less than 30 weeks or greater than 41 weeks at the onset of labour, more than one previous cesarian section, and mother transferred to hospital from another health care facility. (Janssen et al.)
  15. Harvey,S, Rach, D, Stainton, MC, Jarrell, J, Brant, R. "Evaluation of Satisfaction of midwifery care" Midwifery 2002; 18: 260-267.
  16. Ontario Association of Midwives (AOM) as quoted by Scott Piatkowski "Midwifery Remains a Safe Alternative", June 10, 2002.
  17. Blais, Maheux, Lamber, Loiselle, Gauthier, Framarin "Midwifery defined by physicians, nurses and midwives: The birth of consensus?" Canadian Medical Association Journal1994; 150 (5): 691-697.
  20. Bennett, Carolyn. Kill or Cure? Toronto: HarperCollins Publishers Ltd.,2000.


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