Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Research Article

Vol. 17 No. 1 (2019)

Radiation Safety Awareness Amongst Medical Students

  • Leinjo Mengnjo
  • Yasser Noureldin
  • Sero Andonian
October 17, 2020



Objectives: To assess awareness of radiation safety amongst medical and dental students and determine how their knowledge could be improved.

Methods: An anonymous electronic survey of medical and dental students at a Canadian university was conducted between February and April 2016. It was made up of 15 close-ended questions assessing knowledge and practice of radiation safety measures. Participants were also questioned about their willingness to learn more about radiation safety measures and the type of educational intervention.

Results: They were 87 responses, of which 39.1% (n=34) were males and 60.9 % (n=53) were female. Most students (83%, n=39) indicated that they had never practiced radiation safety measures. While most students (81.7%, n=67) had an idea or good idea about radiation safety measures, 45.4% (n=25) had never used them. Most students (77.1%, n=64) wanted to learn more about radiation safety in the form of workshops, seminars, and online modules. Students were divided as to when radiation safety education was appropriate. While 47.6% (n=40) thought that it would be most appropriate to have them during undergraduate degree, 48.8% (n=41) thought that it would be more appropriate during clinical rotations. Most students (75%, n=63) had never completed an educational course on radiation safety and only 9.5% (n=8) knew the annual permissible occupational radiation dose. Most students (76.9%, n=30) did not track their annual occupational radiation exposures.

Conclusions: Radiation safety awareness among medical and dental students needs to be improved. Students are willing to learn and improve their knowledge about radiation safety awareness especially during clinical training or college/undergraduate studies


  2. Glasser O. W.C. Röntgen and the discovery of the Röntgen rays. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1995;165:1033-40.
  3. Agarwal A. Radiation risk in orthopedic surgery: ways to protect yourself and the patient. Oper Techn Sports Med. 2011; 19:220–223. doi: 10.1053/j.otsm.2011.10.002.
  4. ICRP, 1991. 1990 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection [Internet]. ICRP Publication 60. Ann. ICRP 21 (1-3). Available from: [Accessed April 2, 2017].
  5. International Atomic Energy Agency [Internet]. International Action Plan for the Radiological Protection of Patients GOV/2002/36-GC(46)/12. Available at: [Accessed April 2, 2017].
  6. WHO, 2008. WHO Global Initiative on Radiation Safety in Health Care Settings [Internet]. World Health Organization, Geneva. Available at: _Dec.pdf?ua =1 [Accessed April 28, 2016].
  7. Richard J. Vetter, Magdalena S. Stoeva. Radiation Protection in Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology. Dec. 2015 by CRC Press. ISBN 9781482245370
  8. Lorenzo Faggioni, Fabio Paolicchi, Luca Bastiani, Davide Guido, Davide Caramella. Awareness of radiation protection and dose levels of imaging procedures among medical students, radiography students, and radiology residents at an academic hospital: Results of a comprehensive survey. Eur J Radiol. 2017 Jan;86:135-142.
  9. Elena Scali, John Mayo, Savvas Nicolaou, Michael Kozoriz, Silvia Chang, Senior medical students’ awareness of radiation risks. CMEJ 2017, 8(4):e31-e41
  10. McCusker MW, de Blacam C, Keogan M, McDermott R, Beddy P. Survey of medical students and junior house doctors on the effects of medical radiation: Is medical education deficient? Ir J Med Sci. 2009; 178:479–83.
  11. Katarzyna Jończyk-Potoczna, Lidia Strzelczuk-Judka, Ewa Szłyk, Łucja Stefaniak. Medical students’ awareness of radiation exposure related to radiological imaging procedures. Journal of Medical Science 3 (83) 2014.
  12. Sarah K. Hagi, Mawya A. Khafaji. Medical students′ knowledge of ionizing radiation and radiation protection. Saudi Med J 2011; Vol. 32 (5)
  13. G.Z. Zhou, D.D. Wong, L.K. Nguyen, R.M. Mendelson, Student and intern awareness of ionising radiation exposure from common diagnostic imaging procedures. J. Med. Imaging Radiat. Oncol. 54 (2010) 17–23
  14. O’Sullivan J, O’Connor OJ, O’Regan K, Clarke B, Burgoyne LN, et al. An assessment of medical students’ awareness of radiation exposures associated with diagnostic imaging investigations. Insights Imaging 1: 86-92.
  15. Euroatm [Internet]. Council Directive 97/43/Euratom, June 1997 on health protection of individuals against the dangers of ionizing radiation in relation to medical exposure and repealing Directive 84/466/ Euratom. Official Journal of the European Communities. July 1997; L180: 0022-0027
  16. Elkoushy M, Andonian S. Prevalence of Orthopedic Complaints Among Endourologists and Their Compliance with Radiation Safety Measures. Journal of Endourology. 2011; 25(10):1609-1613
  17. Szurowska E. Radiation Safety Awareness Among Medical Staff. Pol J Radiol. 2015; 80:57-61
  18. Rangarajan V, Jha A, Agrawal A, Singh A, Shetye B, Shah S et al. Radiation safety audit of a high volume Nuclear Medicine Department. Indian J Nucl Med. 2014 Oct-Dec; 29(4): 227–234.
  19. Canadian Association of Medical Radiation Technologists [Internet]. Canadian Association of Medical Radiation Technologists Available from [Accessed April 2, 2017]


Download data is not yet available.