Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

An Approach To:

Vol. 19 No. 2 (2021)

Approach to: Febrile seizures

September 28, 2020


Febrile seizures are the most common neurological condition of childhood. They are defined as seizures occurring between 6-months to 6-years of age, associated with a fever, in a child without any evidence of an intracranial or other definable cause. This aritcle provides an approach to diagnosis and treatment of febrile seizures intended for pre-clinical and clinical students. 


  1. Leung AKC, Robson WLM. Febrile Seizures. J Pediatr Heal Care. 2007;
  2. Millichap JJ, Millichap JG. Clinical features and evaluation of febrile seizures. In: UpToDate. 2014.
  3. Leung AKC, Hon KL, Leung TNH. Febrile seizures: An overview. Drugs in Context. 2018.
  4. Shearer P, Park D, Bowman A, RN BSN, CEN C, CCRN-CMC BC, et al. Seizures and Status Epilepticus: Diagnosis and Management in the Emergency Department. Emerg. med. pract. 2006.
  5. Duffner PK, Berman PH, Baumann RJ, Fisher PG, Green JL, Schneider S, et al. Clinical practice guideline - Neurodiagnostic evaluation of the child with a simple febrile seizure. Pediatrics. 2011.
  6. Abend NS, Loddenkemper T. Management of pediatric status epilepticus. Current Treatment Options in Neurology. 2014.
  7. Sexton DJ. Lumbar puncture: Technique; indications; contraindications; and complications in adults. UptoDate. 2011.
  8. Loddenkemper T. Febrile status epilepticus: Time is of the essence. Epilepsy Currents. 2014.
  9. Offringa M, Newton R, Cozijnsen MA, Nevitt SJ. Prophylactic drug management for febrile seizures in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2017.
  10. Rosenbloom E, Finkelstein Y, Adams-Webber T, Kozer E. Do antipyretics prevent the recurrence of febrile seizures in children? A systematic review of randomized controlled trials and meta-analysis. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2013;
  11. Knudsen FU. Febrile seizures treatment and outcome. Brain Dev. 1996;
  12. Patel N, Ram D, Swiderska N, Mewasingh LD, Newton RW, Offringa M. Febrile seizures. BMJ (Online). 2015.
  13. Verity CM, Greenwood R, Golding J. Long-term intellectual and behavioral outcomes of children with febrile convulsions. N Engl J Med. 1998;
  14. Martinos MM, Yoong M, Patil S, Chin RFM, Neville BG, Scott RC, et al. Recognition memory is impaired in children after prolonged febrile seizures. Brain. 2012;
  15. Fetveit A. Assessment of febrile seizures in children. European Journal of Pediatrics. 2008.
  16. Camfield P, Camfield C. Febrile seizures and Genetic Epilepsy with Febrile Seizures plus (GEFS+). Epileptic Disord. 2015;


Download data is not yet available.